What happens next after the ribosome reaches the start codon

Ribosomes are proteins that carry genetic information from one point in the genome to another. Each ribosome is in charge of reading a specific sequence of DNA and translating it into proteins. Ribosomes can only read certain sequences of DNA, and they must reach the start codon before they can start translating. Once the ribosome has reached the start codon, it can’t go any further and will stop translating.

What happens next after the ribosome reaches the start codon

Ribosomes are molecular machines that translate genetic code into proteins. Translation of messenger RNA involves several steps, including transcription, splicing, and maturation of the mRNA, scanning of the 5′ caps, recognition of the start codon, binding of the ribosome to the start codon, and translation of the open reading frame (ORF). The ribosome begins translating when it encounters the start codon of an mRNA. There is also a stop codon between each gene, meaning the ribosome stops translating when it reaches the stop codon. The start and stop codons are located on either side of the ORF, and there are also several additional codons that are not part of the ORF. The ribosome binds to the start codon and scans along the ORF until it reaches a stop codon. The ribosome then releases the tRNA and eEF1A, and the latter moves forward by one base.

The ribosome uses the amino acids on its surface to recognize the start and stop codons on the mRNA. The first base on the mRNA is recognized by the A site of the ribosome. The first base is also the first amino acid in the aminoacyl-tRNA in the A site, so the ribosome binds the start codon first. Then the aminoacyl-tRNA moves into the P site of the ribosome, and the third base of the start codon is recognized by the peptidyl-tRNA in the P site. This start codon recognition allows the ribosome to bind to the mRNA and begin translation.

What are ribosomes?

Ribosomes are a type of organelle that is responsible for protein synthesis in a cell. They are made up of two subunits, a small and a large, and are found in the cytosol of the cell. The small subunit is responsible for binding the mRNA molecule and translating the genetic code into proteins. The large subunit helps to stabilize the ribosome and can bind to other molecules to help with protein synthesis.

What is the function of ribosomes?

Ribosomes are tiny, cell-like organelles that play a critical role in protein synthesis. Each ribosome is composed of two subunits, and it is the job of these subunits to translate the genetic code into proteins. Ribosomes are found in all living cells and are essential for the cell’s survival. The features of ribosomes include their small size and their ability to translate genetic information into proteins. Their advantages include their essential role in protein synthesis and their presence in all living cells.

The translation process: tRNAs, anticodons, and peptide bonds


Translocation ribonucleic acid (tRNA) is an RNA molecule that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing protein chain. It takes part in the translation process, the mechanism by which proteins are created from the genetic code. tRNAs have a specific anticodon, which matches the codon on the mRNA, and a variable arm that can bind the amino acid based on the codon.


Each codon on the mRNA is composed of three nucleotides, so a codon can be read as three nucleotides. For example, the codon ATG represents the amino acids alanine, valine, and isoleucine.

Amino Acid

The amino acid is the final product of protein synthesis. There are 20 different types of amino acids that can be combined to create a protein.

Peptide Bond

The tRNA that carries the amino acid is brought close to the growing protein chain in the translation process. Then, the tRNA and the mRNA match each other so the amino acid binds to the protein chain. The next amino acid is attached to the first, and the process continues until the protein is finished.

What is a start codon?

A codon is the building block of genetic code and it consists of three basic units: a base, anticodon, and guanine. A start codon is an initiated RNA polymerase II binding site that allows the enzyme to initiate transcription by recognizing the four-chemical sequence 5′-ATTGTCA3′ (the tRNA).

How do mutations in the genetic code cause diseases?

One way that mutations in the genetic code can cause disease is by disrupting the proper functioning of genes. This can lead to a loss of protein function or a change in the protein produced, which can seriously affect an individual’s health. Additionally, mutations in the genetic code can also lead to the development of diseases such as cancer. This is because mutations can cause cells to become cancerous by disrupting the normal controls that keep cells from growing and dividing too quickly.

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